Grains are small, hard, dry seeds, with or without attached hulls or fruit layers, harvested for human or animal consumption.

  • Corn

    Corn (3)

    Worldwide, corn production exceeds both rice and wheat. Corn is also used for ethanol, animal feed, corn starch and corn syrup. Also called maize outside of North America, corn was domesticated in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
  • Amaranth

    Amaranth (1)

    Amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. They can be eaten by humans or fed to animals. Common uses are as flour, greens and as grain.
  • Sorghum

    Sorghum (2)

    Sorghum is a genus of about 25 species of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Grain sorghum grows to about 5 feet and is used for livestock feed , biofuels, pet food and human consumption. Sorghum is a member of the grass family that grows wild in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant is recognizable by its distinctive brown flower head.