Except for three species in South America, all Helianthus species are native to North America. The common name, “sunflower,” typically refers to the popular annual species Helianthus annuus, the common sunflower
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List of Sunflower Varieties
Evening Sun – Fades from yellow to orange, some burgundy or red as well. Petals have a hand painted appearance.
Hopi Black Dye –
Called “tceqa” by the Hopi, the blue/black hull is used traditionally for wool and basket dye, and as eye medicine, but the seed is also edible. Flower heads are medium to large sized.
Some archaeologists believe that Native Americans may have cultivated sunflowers as early as 3000 B.C.
Lemon Queen – Pale yellow six-foot beauty. Prolific late-spring bloomer. Blooms run 4 to 8 inches.
Tall, with pale yellow petals contrasting against a large cocoa center. One large main flower and branching secondary flowers. Lemon Queen will bloom for several weeks.
Mexican Sunflower: Red Torch– Showy sunflowers (to 3” across) with orange to orange-red rays and orange-yellow disks bloom from mid-summer to fall.
Native to Mexico and Central America, Mexican sunflower is a vigorous annual that typically grows in a single season to 4-6’ tall. Showy sunflowers (to 3” across) with orange to orange-red rays and orange-yellow disks bloom from mid-summer to fall. Entire or lobed dark green leaves (3-12” long) with hairy undersides are generally ovate to triangular in shape with serrate to crenate margins. Good cut flower.
Titan– The Titan Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is a truly fun and astounding plant. Capable of 12-plus feet in height and a flower of up to two feet across, the Titan certainly lives up to its name. Deep yellow color and old-fashioned appearance make for a striking border, fence cover or backdrop.